By admin • • Comments Off on Oral Hygiene practices
The oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth, teeth and the always missed out, tongue clean to prevent the dental diseases and the most common and unacceptable condition of bad breath.
The oral hygiene has now gained very much importance due to the recent medical studies and research since the oral bacteria is associated with a number of serious systemic diseases like
1.Cardiovascular diseases (heart attack & cerebral stroke)
2.Pneumonia due to inhaling bacteria present in the mouth.
3. Premature birth and low birth weight.
4. More severity of gum problems in diabetics and vice versa.
5. Osteoporosis of jaw bone and normal bones of body.
6. Infertility problem in men.
Tips for maintaining good oral hygiene:
The tips for maintaining good standard of oral hygiene requires the following factors to be practiced routinely and includes.
1. Brushing twice daily, in the morning and in the night before going to bed.
2. Flossing of teeth daily.
3. Cleaning the surface of the tongue at-least once daily for removal of debris that causes bad breath.
4. Rinsing the mouth with a mouth wash in the night diluted with water for removal of food particles from areas of mouth missed out and not reached by the tooth brush.
5. Regular visit to dentist or dental hygienist every six month as well as professional cleaning and polishing.
The oral hygiene is maintained by adopting a twice daily habit of brushing and once a day flossing of teeth in the morning after the breakfast (most preferred) and in the night before going to sleep to avoid any kind of dental diseases, the most common being the formation and subsequent progression of dental cavities, gum infections commonly called gingivitis as well as advanced gum diseases spreading to the underlying jawbone.
The tooth brushing is done in order to keep the formation and build-up of dental plaque containing bacteria numbering in millions, that forms on the surface of all the teeth and gums after every meal or snacking and releases acids which causes damage and destruction of the surface of teeth called enamel, resulting in the formation of cavity.
This plaque also irritates and damages the gums, making them red, swollen, painful and easy to bleed on brushing and if left unattended leads to bone loss & destruction to supporting structures to cause gums recession, sensitivity and subsequent loosening of teeth and eventual falling off.
The tooth brushing which is the act of cleaning the teeth with a brush properly prevents cavities and gum diseases according to the modern medical research by dislodging and removing the plague and its calcified or mineralized form called tartar responsible for the diseases.
The flossing which is also an important part of oral hygiene which tends to remove the decaying food debris and plaque stuck between the teeth which and not removed by simple brushing.
Another very important and unknown factor is the cleaning of the tongue as part of daily oral hygiene practice along with brushing and flossing since it removes the bacteria harboring the surface of tongue as well as decaying food particles and dead cells on the surface to cause bad breath.
The brushing is the act of cleaning the teeth with a toothbrush, which is an instrument consisting of a brush on a handle and used in association with a toothpaste (a paste or gel containing fluoride) acting as an abrasive to aid and remove plaque and food particle.
The tooth brush should normally be replaced every 3 months or when the bristles starts to flare up or becomes distorted and also every time after a throat infection.
Normally a soft labelled toothbrush is recommended to avoid damage to teeth and gums while brushing.
The brushing time should be not less then 2-4 minutes and should be started from the back of the mouth and then coming toward front since the front teeth are always cleaned, given more time attention and the back teeth neglected.
Nowadays the electric toothbrushes are also available for brushing.
Flossing:The dental floss which is a nylon or plastic ribbon used to remove the plaque and food particles decaying in between the teeth which are normally missed out while brushing.The floss is gently pushed between the teeth and moved up and down after wrapping it between index and middle fingers and supported with thumb having a length of around 10-12 inches.The floss thread comes in the form of flavoured, non-flavoured as well as waxed or un-waxed and the alternative for it is inter-dental brushes.The flossing becomes more important for people undergoing orthodontic treatment or those with artificial crowns, bridges and fixed retainers.The flossing is done to avoid cavities, gum diseases and bad breath.Tongue Cleaning:The tongue cleaner or tongue scraper now available is an oral hygiene device used to clean the food debris, millions of bacteria of more then (500 different types) and dead skin from the surface of tongue which causes 80-90% of the condition bad breath due to the formation of V.S.C. (volatile sulphur compounds),massages the tongue, improves the taste sensation as well as stimulates the secretion of enzymes necessary for digestion.The tooth -brush can also be used for cleaning the teeth and is used from back and moving towards the front in a gentle, single stroke to avoid nausea and gauging.The back of the head of toothbrush also has a tongue cleaner, so separately purchasing a tongue cleaner is not always necessary.The tongue cleaning has gained attention not only for the dental professionals but also the physicians and it is clear that the importance of tongue cleaning is a way to maintain high level of oral hygiene. Oral Hygiene & Diet:The following factors are to be considered in order to maintain a good oral hygiene.1. Eating a balanced diet and limiting snacks between the meals.2. Eat foods which are high in sugar during meals and avoid any meal that stick to the teeth like toffees and candies etc as they have the tendency to remain on the surfaces of the teeth for longer time giving bacteria a constant supply of sugars, thus raising the chances of tooth decay.3. Limiting the intake of sugary diet to meal times only as it tend to be less damaging for teeth as compared to eating several times a day.4. Avoid taking any food or sweets after brushing and specially before sleeping.5. Snacks like nuts, pop corns, biscuits, fresh fruits, raw vegetables, crackers, pasta. Pretzels and all forms of meat are good and healthy for teeth and gums.6. The use of vegetables, fruits, fish, meat, milk, yogurt and cheese should be promoted. Taking hard and fibrous diet such as fruits, vegetables and meat facilitates jaw growth.7. Children eating only soft diets have smaller jaws which lead to incorrect positioning of the teeth and possible failure of teeth to erupt.8. Try not to add additional sugar in the milk and avoid giving milk at night especially if the teeth are not cleaned and the child sleeps with remnants of milk serving as a constant supply of sugars to bacteria. The result is extensive tooth decay with loss of many teeth and associated problems.
The Elephant grinds down its molars and grows new ones which happen almost 6 times in its lifetime.
In Egypt, the teeth of mummies have been found to contain fillings of resin and malachite. Loose teeth were held together with gold wire.
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